IX. ROLES OF THE CHARGED PERSONS
C. KHIEU SAMPHAN4616
Participation in the Common Purpose
Cooperatives and Worksites
1164. Through his various roles in the CPK, Khieu Samphan participated in the establishment and operation of cooperatives and worksites.
Participation in the Creation of this Policy
1165. During the CPK regime, Khieu Samphan was involved in the continued planning of this policy by his attendance at Standing Committee meetings or through access to their minutes4765 and in the development of the Four Year Plan to build socialism in all fields.4766 It was also addressed at an enlarged meeting of the Standing Committee in September 1975 at which the rapid strengthening of agriculture was discussed.4767 He may have further assisted with the planning of this policy through involvement with the Council of Ministers.4768 Khieu Samphan also stated that this policy was decided during meetings of the Central Committee.4769 Khieu Samphan attended the Standing Committee meetings at which the decision was made to establish Kampong Chhnang Airport.4770
Endorsement of this Policy
1166. Khieu Samphan made a number of speeches between 1975 and 1979 in which he endorsed this policy, reported on achievements and progress with rice, rubber and salt production, gave details about the living and working conditions of the worksites and cooperatives, and encouraged workers to work vigorously.4771 In a speech he delivered on 14 December 1975, Khieu Samphan stated that "Our people are restoring the economy and building the country with soaring enthusiasm everywhere, both in the cities and the countryside. There are work sites everywhere where our people are making a1l out efforts to create, establish and improve factories, develop industry and boost agricultural production as well as to transform the outlook of the countryside ... Everybody works in the fields because our workers practice the collective system of labor" 4772
1167. During the 15 April 1977 mass meeting celebrating the second anniversary in Phnom Penh, Khieu Samphan praised the child workers who were "helping to build dams and embankments, and dig reservoirs and ditches" 4773 Similarly at the third anniversary mass meeting, he congratulated the people who had "fulfilled the plan of our party and Government" with respect to agriculture and rice-growing.4774
Knowledge and Implementation of this Policy
1168. Khieu Samphan was aware of the various ways in which this policy was implemented throughout Cambodia. He travelled extensively throughout Cambodia to inspect worksites and cooperatives. He has stated that he accompanied Prince Norodom Sihanouk to the Centre and Northwest Zones and had "witnessed the organization efforts in the countryside" and did a further "study-tour" in the West and Southwest Zones.4775 During a tour with Prince Norodom Sihanouk between 15-17 January 1976, Khieu Samphan witnessed tens of thousands of workers doing manual labour in cooperatives.4776 Khieu Samphan's driver stated that he took Khieu Samphan and Prince Norodom Sihanouk to visit the provinces of Siem Reap, Battambang, Kampot and Kampong Som.4777 Another witness also stated that he saw Khieu Samphan accompany Sihanouk "many times" to relax such as in Kandal, Takeo, Kampong Cham, and around Phnom Penh.4778
1169. Witnesses gave evidence that Khieu Samphan visited the Kampong Chhnang Airport worksite4779 and the 1st January Dam worksite4780 as well as other worksites and cooperatives,4781 hospitals,4782 an auto repair facility,4783 a garment factory,4784 and warehouses.4785 Some of these witnesses state that the purpose of Khieu Samphan's visits to the sites was to specifically inspect the working conditions and the food rations being provided to the workers.4786 Witness also stated that Khieu Samphan made speeches urging the workers to work faster and more vigorously.4787
1170. Khieu Samphan was also aware that rice was being exported by the CPK during a period when the population was facing starvation. A report sent by Van Rit to Khieu Samphan on 4 November 1978 reported that during January-September 1978, 29,758 tons of paddy and rice were exported.4788 During this same period, the Revolutionary Flag magazine had informed all Party members that there was a rice shortage and implicitly admitted there was starvation in the country.
1171. Khieu Samphan's knowledge of the creation of cooperatives and worksites, and the living and working conditions at these sites, is also demonstrated through his public letters4790 and books.4791