Monday, December 02, 2013

Report Shows Election Irregularities Favored CPP

Download reports
Joint-Report on the Conduct of the 2013 Cambodian Elections
Progress on key recommendationsr for Electoral Reform November 2012

By Colin Meyn and Hul Reaksmey
The Cambodia Daily, December 2, 2013

In areas where electoral irregularities were the most pronounced during July’s national election, the ruling CPP saw a significant increase in its share of votes compared to that of the opposition CNRP, according to a report compiled by a coalition of human rights NGOs known as the Electoral Reform Alliance (ERA).

The Joint Report on the Conduct of the 2013 Cambodian Elections, which is the most comprehensive analysis yet of the irregularities that occurred during the disputed vote, shows that in areas where over-registration and the use of temporary identification documents were most widespread, the CPP saw a significant rise in its success at the polls.

“Interestingly, in several high-stakes provinces, when voter turnout was consistent with the national average in a polling station, CNRP won, but in polling stations with extraordinarily large turnout, CPP won,” the report says, noting that the CPP won the election by about 300,000 total votes out of 6.6 million cast.

Archived video from CPP

The number of voters in some communes was significantly higher than the most recent estimates of the eligible voter population there, according to data collected by local rights group Licadho. This phenomenon occurred most often in Kandal province, with communes in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Kratie provinces reporting up to 120 percent turnout at polling stations.

An accompanying chart from the Washington-based National Democratic Institute (NDI) shows that when voter turnout was between 70 and 80 percent, the CPP won 48 percent of the vote, whereas when turnout was more than 90 percent, the CPP took home 57 percent of the vote.

“In polling stations with turnout well higher than the country’s median, CPP performed above its national average,” the report says.

The CPP also fared particularly well at polling stations where there was an abnormally high use of Identification Certificates for Elections (ICEs), which are issued by commune councils—97 percent of which are controlled by officials loyal to the ruling party.

Based on a representative sample of polling stations nationwide that were observed by Transparency International Cambodia (TIC) on election day, there was a significant correlation between the use of ICEs and the share of votes that went to the CPP.

“Among polling stations observed by TIC, the vote share for the ruling party increased as more ICEs were used in a polling station,” the report says.

A supplementary chart shows that at polling points where between one and 10 ICEs were used, the CPP took home 47.6 percent of the vote, whereas at polling stations where more than 50 ICEs were used, the CPP won 52.9 percent of the vote.

Also among its “unusual findings,” the report notes that at the 209 newly established polling stations throughout the country, the CPP performed remarkably well.

“Newly-established polling stations went to the ruling party nearly 70 percent of the time, well above the nationwide average where the ruling party won 53 percent of the time,” the report says.

Representatives of the ERA, which is composed of 12 election monitors and civil society groups, declined to comment on the report, as it was not supposed to be made public until December 13, according to Koul Panha, executive director of the Committee for Free and Fair Elections in Cambodia (Comfrel).

However, an embargoed draft of the report, which had been shared with political parties and interested stakeholders, was posted to the CNRP’s website on Thursday.

Although the document combines data collected by NDI, TIC, Comfrel, the Neutral and Impartial Committee for Free and Fair Elections in Cambodia  and Licadho, the report cautions that its data are not conclusive due to the failure of the National Election Committee (NEC) to release the necessary documents to properly review the election results.

The report says that even after the NEC’s database was closely analyzed, at least 8.8 percent of the country’s 9.68 million eligible voters could not be found on official voter lists, leading to thousands of people being unable to cast their ballots on voting day.

“While those persons could have been deleted from the forms by mistake, the number merits investigation to determine whether there were instances where officials deliberately excluded eligible voters to gain political advantage for the official’s own political party,” the report says.

Researchers for Licadho found more than 260,000 instances of duplicate names on voter rolls. Forty-four percent of the time, duplicate names were found in the same province, while about 20 percent of the time they were in the same commune, allowing for the possibility of multiple voting.

“Duplicates, like invalid names, present the possibility for fraudulent voting. Duplicate names can be used by other, non-eligible people, allow a person to vote more than once, or be used as a cover for ballot box stuffing,” the report says.

The report is highly critical of the NEC’s handling of ICEs, which replaced 1018 forms as the documentation for voters who have lost their actual identity cards. ICEs, according to the report, were part of reforms following the 2008 national election aimed specifically at increasing transparency in election management.

“The spirit of these reforms, however, has been ignored in 2013 as the NEC and council have not allowed independent organizations, despite repeated requests, to monitor ICE distribution process or view the ICE documentation at councils,” the report says, estimating the number of ICEs in circulation during the election at 1.8 million.

There was also vast and unexplained variation in the distribution of ICEs, with the percentage of voters who used ICEs in some provinces, including Prey Veng, was as high as 18 percent, while the percentage of voters using ICEs in other provinces, including Banteay Meanchey, was less than 2 percent.

“This undermines accountability and public confidence in elections,” the ERA report says.

Tep Nytha, secretary-general of the NEC, said that the CNRP’s improved showing in the 2013 election was, in itself, evidence that the ballot was not biased in favor of the CPP.

“The CPP went from 90 seats to only 68 seats, and now what is the number of seats the CNRP received?” Mr. Nytha said, adding, “I don’t want to comment on political issues.”

The CNRP won 55 seats according to the NEC’s official results, up from the 29 seats previously held by the Sam Rainsy Party and Human Rights Party before the opposition merger. Nonetheless, the opposition has pledged to boycott the National Assembly until the CPP agrees to a transparent investigation of the election.

Regarding the specific figures in the ERA report, Mr. Nytha said that the NEC had actually found 301,000 duplicate names and has already requested that local authorities remove them from voter lists.

Although the ERA report notes that the NEC has continually refused to give definitive figures on how many ICEs were issued, Mr. Nytha said that the figure of 1.8 million in the report is grossly inflated.

“The NEC issued only 460,000 ICEs in 2012 and another 270,000 ICEs for this year’s election,” Mr. Nytha said, which would put the total number of ICEs at 730,000.

Asked whether the NEC would work to ensure that irregularities would not be repeated in future elections, Mr. Nytha said, “The NEC will just implement the laws that take effect.”


Anonymous said...

What the Cheater Nytha says, NEC will cheat and cheat again !!!

Anonymous said...

Keo Remy you're not welcome back to Tempe, Arizona. You're a traitor of Cambodia. You'll die with HUN SEN. You're making a fool to your self. No wonder your wife kick you out. After Hun Sen don't need you, he's gonna kill you sooner or later. You never learn. To all Cambodian people I just want to let you know Keo Remy is from Arizona and he is a former son in law of Chhim Seak Leng.

Anonymous said...

Puok Ah Leukeu Mer Chor plus Ah Sihamoni Ah Ting Moung !!

Anonymous said...

Ah Kwack,
Bring the WHOLE tape Ah Roleuy of whatever Sam Rainsy said !!

Anonymous said...

Ah traitor Tep Nitha, your head must behead very soon.

Anonymous said...

I hate to listen this Bayon TV, Youn croock.

Anonymous said...

They shameless thieves. They are stealing from the nation and they stole the will of the people too. These are the kind of so called leaders that will put down the nation to ruin and they don't get it!!!

Anonymous said...


Anonymous said...

Ah Nguyen Vieng Ko Theak Sok An aka Ah Chkuot Chrouk, or ah sdach ach kwek's mentor. Is he a complete blind as ah kwak?. In fact, he is not a blind person, but he is so terrorized, trembling, and shameful when he sees journalists in front of him with their eyes looking straight at him and also wanting to have eyes to eyes contacted with his. This body language tells us that ah Chkuot "poul ach chrouk" is a crook, a big liar, an event manipulator, a spin doctor, a cunning, and a cheap dirt politician. After all he is not a trustworthy and honest person that anyone of you shouldn't invite him to your living room.

Anonymous said...

គណបក្សសង្រ្គោះជាតិ ស្រែកថា





៥៥ យកមិនយក?៥៥ យកមិនយក?៥៥ យកមិនយក?

ទោះជាពួកអាអស់ឯងខំប្រឹងស្រែក ធ្វើមហាតបាតុកម្ម ឬ មហាតបាតុកម្មសូត្រធម៌,,,,, មហាតបាតុកម្មស្មូត្រ, មហាតបាតុកម្មភាវនា, មហាតបាតុកម្មសមាធិ, លុតជង្គុង ក្រាបទូល
ក្រោមល្អងធូលីព្រះបាទ, ប្តឹងទៅតុលាការ ឬ ចង់យកស្នាមមេដៃ ប្តឹងទៅអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ ឲ្យបែកមេឃ រញ្ជួយផែនដីទៀត
ក៍ផែនដីនេះមិនទាន់ដល់វេនពួកអាអស់ឯងដែរ នៅមានឯកឧត្ដមបណ្ឌិត
ហ៊ុន ម៉ាណែត ហ៊ុន ម៉ានិត ទៀត ។ល។ និង។ល។
ផែនដីនេះមិនអាចមាន ព្រះអាទិត្យពីររះលើផែនដីតែមួយបានឡើយ។
ចេះច្បាប់បោះឆ្នោតទេ? ចេះគណិតសាស្ដ្រទេ? ៥០+១ = ១២៣/២=៦១.៥+១=៦២.៥
លេខចេញយ៉ាងច្បាស់ចាញ់ហើយ មិនព្រមចាញ់ទៀត
ត្រូវចាំណា សមេ្តចបណ្ឌិតអគ្គមហាសេនាបតីតេជោ ហ៊ុន សែន វរ្ម័នទី១ មិនមែនជាមនុស្សលោកទេ សមេ្តចជាព្រះបាទ ហ៊ុន ទៀន ចាប់ជាតិ សមេ្តចជាព្រះបាទធម្មិក សមេ្តចជាព្រះអាទិទេព សមេ្តចជាទេវតារស់មកសង្គ្រោះប្រជាជនកម្ពុជា និងប្រទេសកម្ពុជាឱ្យ សម្បូរសប្បាយ រង់រឿង និងសុខក្សេមក្សាន្ដ!!!

សមេ្តចជាព្រះអាទិត្យតែមួយ រះលើផែនដីនេះ...។
ជយោ! សមេ្តចបណ្ឌិតអគ្គមហាសេនាបតីតេជោ ហ៊ុន សែន វរ្ម័នទី១ ជាទេវតានៃកម្ពុជា!!!

បរាជ័យ! ពួកអាខ្មែរក្បត់ជាតិរត់ចោលស្រុក!

បរាជ័យពួកអាសត្វឆ្កែបរទេស (!!)

បរាជ័យពួកអាកាកសំណល់បាតសង្គម (!!)


ហ្ការី អ៊ឹង
សមាគមខ្មែរឡុងប៉ិចរដ្ឋកាលីហ្វ័រញ៉ា និងជា
បេក្ខជន ស្ថានកុងស៊ុលខ្មែរប្រចាំឡុងប៉ិចរដ្ឋកាលីហ្វ័រញ៉ា

Anonymous said...

NEC/HUN/CPP are VC and yes, they said good and fair but for their purpose only, that is to win at all cost even, they knew they are the losers, why? because change is needed, no matter what after 30 long years from such a dictatorship of the Hun under VC's controlled. Therefore, whatever happened it is already planned to win at all cost. They Hun, NEC are VC and no matter what, they won't let other party to have ago. This document is based a lie for the Hun/cpp and VC to look good but not!. Right now, 99.9% wanting change and it is obvious that Sam already won. So, this CPP are still barking that they won, they have no shame and no feeling, they have no moral whatsoever.

They have fooled the international community again and again and they won't stop, until you stop them. It is time for everyone in Cambodia and around the world to wake up and stop them before they can continue to ruin us and everyone else around the world. They all are liars for the Hun/cpp and VC in controlled. At the sametime, this group of the CPP are manipulating that they are perfect and others are liars.

This group has used the same evil tactics and tricks of the VC and the Chinese. For people. they have used their term of law but for them, they have used power and abuse e.g land grabbing and jailing owners of the land. or when people demonstrate for their wage they used their weapons to hits the people. So, there is no law in Cambodia and so go on CPP keep on barking and barking because everyone in this world already knows you evil tactics and tricks.

Anonymous said...

Well, in the west, we don't use thumb print, we use our name and date of birth and number ID to vote. Nothing to do with thumb print or irregularity. It is time to do the right thing and the right thing is people wanting change after 30 long years of such a dictatorship. Hun Sen has never been elected by people but was being installed by VC and Chinese and these two nations would never want change for Cambodia, why? so that they could have it all to themselves in the end.

Anonymous said...

I want you Bayon tv to know this. you are a liar, just like your father and your father's boss Hanoi. Your father is a full on liar, he said that the road was not block and everyone welcome but not, it was blocked everywhere with their armed forces. Secondly, Hun sen is holding King Money as his hostage. In fact, King Money is there to be used by the this Hun and his boss Hanoi to rule to destroy the whole Srok Khmer and its people. Again and again, Hun mentiioned about the King is great this or that but he only uses him to do all of his dirty works because king has no power at all.

It is time for everyone to wake up before it is too late. This Hun and dynasty must go and it has to be now!

Anonymous said...

Sam did not agree with the CPP anything but because he was under CPP control in a confind room where they theatened him to agree with the outcome. Hun Sen you are not our Somdech, but you are a thief who is ruling to ruin our country and nation. No people never vote for you and no, we will not stop from demainding for our right. So, keep on barking....

Anonymous said...

បាន យីប៉ាយទំយើ (សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ​ខ្មែរ)

*ចង់ទារអី បានហ្នឹង !
*ចង់ទំពោកឆាជូរ បានទំពោកឆាជូរ
*ចង់ទំពោកអាំង បាន​ទំពោកអាំង
*ចង់ក្តឆាខ្ញី បានក្តឆាខ្ញី
*ចង់ទារលុយ បានប្រាក់
*អ្នកសង្គ្រោះកំពុងតែឆ្លៀតឱកាសរក $$$$$$

Anonymous said...

ពួកអាក្បត់ជាតីទាល់តែទាញ​ ក​ វាចុះ។

Anonymous said...

អាឆ្កែសុខ អាន ប្រុះតាមរបាយការដែលពួកវាសសេរ ឱ្យវាមើល វាមិនដែលបានទៅមើលការបោះឆ្នោតម្តង ទេ។ អាឆ្កែកែវរេមីវាថាពួកអ្នកសង្កេតការមកពីហ្វីលី ពីន អណ្ឌូនេស៊ីនិងបរទេសដ៏ទៃទៀត មន្រី្តជាន់ខ្ពស់ ទាំងអស់នេះគេមកតែម្នាក់ៗ ធ្វើម្តេចនិងត្រួតពិនិត្យ គ្រប់ មណ្ឌលបោះឆ្នោតជាង ១៩០០ជាងបាន អាឆ្កែ កែវរេមីនិយាយប្រាប់បានតែប្រជាជនដែលមិនបានគិត